Douglas Estes


  • PhD, Theology (NT), University of Nottingham
  • ThM, Theology (NT), Southeastern Seminary
  • MDiv, Pastoral, Southeastern Seminary
  • BS, Chemistry, Virginia Military Institute

Professional Background

Associate Professor of New Testament and Practical Theology, South University

Adjunct Professor of New Testament, Phoenix Seminary

Lead Pastor, Trinity Church (Mesa, Ariz.)

Adjunct Professor of New Testament, Western Seminary

Lead Pastor, Berryessa Valley Church (San Jose, Calif.)

Pastor of Adult Ministries, Grace Community Church (Washingtonville, N.Y.)

Associate Chemist, Laboratory Corporation of America

Recognitions & Awards

PostDoc in Biblical Studies, Dominican Biblical Institute, 2012

Tabor Courses Taught

RS 400-G Christian Faith in Contemporary Culture

RS 301 The Pentateuch (OT)


Fellow, Center for Pastor Theologians

Editor, Didaktikos: Journal of Theological Education


Books (authored)

Journey Through James: Two Kinds of Wisdom. Journey Series. Grand Rapids: Discovery House, 2021.

Braving the Future: Christian Faith in a World of Limitless Tech. Harrisonburg: Herald Press, 2018.

Questions and Rhetoric in the Greek New Testament. Essential Reference Resource for Exegesis. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2017.

The Questions of Jesus in John: Logic, Rhetoric and Persuasive Discourse. Biblical Interpretation Series 115. Leiden: Brill, 2012.

SimChurch: Being the Church in the Virtual World. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2009.

The Temporal Mechanics of the Fourth Gospel: A Theory of Hermeneutical Relativity in the Gospel of John. Biblical Interpretation Series 92. Leiden: Brill, 2008.

Books (edited)

The Tree of Life. Themes in Biblical Narrative 27. Leiden: Brill, 2020.

Literary Approaches to the Bible (co-edited with Douglas Mangum). Lexham Methods Series 4. Bellingham: Lexham Press, 2016.

How John Works: Storytelling in the Fourth Gospel (co-edited with Ruth Sheridan). Resources for Biblical Studies 86. Atlanta: SBL Press, 2016.

Peer-Reviewed Articles and Essays

Virtue Before Knowledge: Docilis as Vice in Jerome.” Journal of Ethics in Antiquity and Christianity 2 (2020): 78–82.

“Dualism or Paradox: A New ‘Light’ on the Gospel of John.” Journal of Theological Studies 71.1 (2020): 90–118.

“The Tree of Life in the Apocalypse of John.” Pages 183-216 in The Tree of Life. Edited by Douglas Estes. TBN 27. Leiden: Brill, 2020.

“The Last Chapter of Revelation? Narrative Design at the End of the Apocalypse.” Criswell Theological Review 17.1 (2019): 97–110.

“Ethics in the Gospel of John? The Character of Virtue.” Didaktikos 3.2 (2019): 43–45.

“Sin and the Cyborg: On the (Im) Peccability of the Posthuman.” Bulletin of Ecclesial Theology 6.1 (2019): 69–79.

“Addicted to Perfection.” Didaktikos 2.4 (2019): 34–35.

“Pastor-Scholar: The Pastor Theologian and Scholarship.” Journal of Biblical and Theological Studies 3.1 (2018): 111–17.

Concepts of Eternity.” SBL’s Bible Odyssey, 2017.

“John as Pastor Theologian: 2 John as Creative Theological Écriture.” Pages 195-204 in Becoming a Pastor Theologian: New Possibilities for Church Leadership. Edited by Gerald Hiestand and Todd Wilson. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2016.

“Time.” Pages 41-57 in How John Works: Storytelling in the Fourth Gospel. Edited by Douglas Estes and Ruth Sheridan. RBS 86. Atlanta: SBL Press, 2016.

“Rhetorical Criticism in the New Testament.” Pages 179-213 in Literary Approaches to the Bible. Edited by Douglas Mangum and Douglas Estes. LMS 4. Bellingham: Lexham Press, 2016.

“Rhetorical Peristaseis in the Prologue of John.” Pages 191-207 in The Gospel of John as Genre Mosaic. Edited by Kasper Bro Larsen. SANt 3. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2015.

“The Shepherd’s Door: An Incarnational Reading of John 10:1–5.” Faith and Mission 24:1 (2006): 3-23.

Popular Articles and Essays

Why We Keep Asking about the Christmas Star.” Christianity Today, 21 Dec 2020.

The Tree of Life: From the Ancient Near East to Today.” The Ancient Near East Today 8:10 (2020).

“5 Reasons Online Church Is More Biblical Than It Sounds: A Brief Theology.” Ministry Team 3.3 (2020): 20–21.

What Christians Miss When They Dismiss Imagination.” Christianity Today, 19 Dec 2019.

Love Thy Extraterrestrial Neighbor.” Christianity Today, 20 Nov 2019.

Moonshot: What Barth, Tillich, and Tozer Thought of the Space Age.” Christianity Today, 17 July 2019.

From Marijuana to Magic Mushrooms.” (An interview with neuroscientist William Struthers). Christianity Today, 6 May 2019.

Your Brain is Not a Computer.” (An interview with Noreen Herzfeld). Christianity Today, 26 November 2018.

Red Planet Calling.” Christianity Today, October 2018 print; online September 20, 2018.

Preparing to Witness an Act of God.” Christianity Today, 14 September 2018.

You Have Searched Me, Oh Apple Face ID, and You Know Me.” Christianity Today, 5 April 2018.

Nothing But the Blood.” Christianity Today, March 2018 print; online 20 February 2018.

Is America’s Great Eclipse a Sign from God?” Christianity Today, 20 August 2017.

The Linguistic Origins of the Question: Why God Asks Questions and Humans Do Too.” Christianity Today, September 2017 print; online 18 August 2017.

“Learning to Walk with God: Deuteronomy’s Blessings and Curses” (with Noël Estes). Bible Study Magazine, May-Jun 2017.

The Exoplanets Declare the Glory of God.” Christianity Today, 14 March 2017.

Does ‘The Image of God’ Extend to Robots, Too?” Christianity Today, 27 February 2017.

“Betrayed with a Kiss.” Bible Study Magazine, Mar-Apr 2017.

“God is There [Ezekiel].” Bible Study Magazine, Jan-Feb 2017.

Sleeping Willows.” The Behemoth (Christianity Today vertical), Issue 56, 1 September 2016.

“Reading into the Writer: Stumbling Blocks to Interpretation #2: The Author.” Bible Study Magazine, Nov-Dec 2016.

“Reading Paul for the Peaks and Valleys.” Bible Study Magazine, 8.6 (Sept-Oct 2016): 38–39.

“Embracing the Complexity of Job” (with Noël Estes). Bible Study Magazine, Jul-Aug 2016.

Two Towns’ Eureka Moments.” The Behemoth (Christianity Today vertical), Issue 48, 12 May 2016.

“What About the Children? (Mark 10:13–16).” Bible Study Magazine, May-June 2016.

“Acquiring Ruth” (with Noël Estes). Bible Study Magazine, Mar-Apr 2016.